History 380A: The History of Germany


Fall Semester 2012


2:00 – 2:50 MWF





Dr. John Moser

Andrews 119




Office Hours: 1:00 – 3:00 Tuesdays and Thursdays, or by appointment



Required Texts:


Peter Wende, A History of Germany (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2005), ISBN 0-333-68765-5.


Coursepack (to be distributed electronically)



Course Description:


This course will examine the history of Germany and the German people from the Roman era until the present, although it will focus on the modern period (i.e., 1500 AD to present).  In particular, we will consider why a people that has contributed so much to western civilization in the form of art, music, literature and science also nearly destroyed that civilization by plunging Europe into two world wars.  Is there some element in German history that caused it to deviate from the path of other western European nations such as France and Britain?



Course Objectives:


1.     To provide the basic facts about the history of Germany.

2.     To enable students to use facts as “raw material” in making coherent arguments about the past.

3.     To develop students’ ability to communicate in written form, through a research paper.

4.     To strengthen students’ capacity for critical reading, through daily reading assignments of primary sources.



Course Policies:


The following factors will make up your final grade—


Two Hourly Examinations (40%)


These exams are scheduled for Friday, 21 September, and Monday, 29 October, and will consist of essay questions and identifications.  The essays will require you to marshal facts to answer questions on broader historical themes.  An example might be, “What were the long-term effects of the Reformation for Germany?” or “Why did the Weimar Republic fail?”  You will be asked to make an argument; you will not be graded so much on what stand you take, but rather on your ability back up your position with the pertinent historical evidence.  The identifications will require you to identify and explain the significance of a particular person, place, event, or concept important to German history.


Final Examination (30%)


The university has scheduled the final for this course for Monday, 10 December, from 4:00 to 6:00 pm, although this is subject to change.  An alternate exam date will be set in case of medical emergency (with documentation required).  As with the midterm, the final will be a combination of essay and identification, and bluebooks will be required.


Writing Assignment (10%)


For this course each student will write a paper of between 3,500 and 4,500 (that is, between 12 and 15 pages) expanding on one of the subjects that we will be discussing in class.  This will involve choosing a particular day of class and reading not only the required material, but also the book listed as optional for that day.  Note that there is a very good chance that Ashland University’s library will not have these books, so be prepared to use OhioLink—which means, of course, that you should order it at least a month in advance, so that you receive it in plenty of time to read it carefully.  This paper will be due the day that the subject in question is being discussed in class.  Because I do not want more than one student to write on any given topic, please let me know in advance which subject you want.


For example, say that you would like to write your paper on the 1848 Revolutions.  That paper will be due on October 10 (the day we will cover that subject in class), and the sources you will be expected to use will be the required readings for that day (both in the Wende text and the coursepack), plus the book listed as optional reading.


I will be grading your paper(s) not only for content, but also for things like organization, clarity, spelling, word choice, and grammar.  Style should conform to the department’s “Guidelines for Writing Scholarly Papers,” available here.   Your papers must be typed in a reasonably sized font (11 or 12), double-spaced and stapled.  Late papers will not be accepted.


In addition to submitting your paper to me on or before the due date, you will be required to upload an electronic version to Turnitin.com.  This will involve signing up for an account (it’s free) and logging into the class.  To do this, follow the directions found here.  When asked for the class ID, enter 5312010.  For password, enter “Reich” (without quotes).


Attendance and Participation (20%)


This will be a seminar-style course, based on in-class discussion of the required readings.  It is the responsibility of every student to participate in those discussions.  Each of you will be asked to offer your thoughts about what you have read, as well as any larger implications.  If you find something confusing, these discussions will present an opportunity for you to seek a clearer understanding.  If you find something particularly interesting, that is the time to try to expand upon it, or to ask questions about it.


Your attendance in class is expected, and consistent participation in discussion will be rewarded.  I expect at least occasional input from every member of the class, and I reserve the right to assign a failing grade to those who are habitually absent or unprepared to participate in discussion.



Academic Integrity


I strongly advise you to examine the university’s academic integrity policy, which may be found here.  All students are responsible for maintaining the highest standards of honesty and integrity in every phase of their academic careers.  The penalties for academic dishonesty are severe, and ignorance is not an acceptable defense.



Course Schedule, with Reading Assignments:




Course Introduction



The Origins of Germany

Wende, pp. 1-6

Coursepack, pp. 1-11

Optional: Christopher B. Krebs, A Most Dangerous Book: Tacitus's Germania from the Roman Empire to the Third Reich (2012)



The First German Empire

Wende, pp. 7-12

Coursepack, pp. 12-22

Optional: Rosamond McKitterick, Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (2008)



The Empire and the Church

Wende, pp. 12-16

Coursepack, pp. 23-39

Optional: Uta-Renate Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century (1991)



The Emperor and the Princes

Wende, pp. 16-20

Coursepack, pp.40-52

Optional: Benjamin Arnold, Princes and Territories in Medieval Germany (2004)



Rural and Urban Life in Medieval Germany

Wende, pp. 20-26

Coursepack, pp. 53-67

Optional: Benjamin Arnold, Power and Property in Medieval Germany: Economic and Social Change (2004)






Late Medieval Germany

Wende, pp. 26-29

Coursepack, pp. 68-80

Optional: Tom Scott, Society and Economy in Germany, 1300-1600 (2002)



The Origins of the Reformation

Wende, pp. 30-34

Coursepack, pp. 81-93

Optional: Alister E. McGrath, The Intellectual Origins of the European Reformation (2003)



The Lutheran Reformation

Wende, pp. 34-37

Coursepack, pp. 94-105

Optional: Roland H. Bainton, Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (1950)

Philip Schaffer



The Spread of Reformation

Wende, pp. 37-40

Coursepack, pp. 106-123

Optional: C. Scott Dixon, The Reformation in Germany (2002)



The Confessional Era

Wende, pp. 41-43

Coursepack, pp. 124-139

Optional: Jeffrey Chipps Smith, Sensuous Worship: Jesuits and the Art of the Early Catholic Reformation in Germany (2002)



The Wars of Religion

Wende, pp. 43-48

Courepack, pp. 140-151

Optional: Ronald G. Asch, The Thirty Years War: The Holy Roman Empire and Europe, 1618-48 (1997)



The Peace of Westphalia

Wende, pp. 48-54

Coursepack, pp. 152-168

Optional: Derek Croxton, Peacemaking in Early Modern Europe: Cardinal Mazarin and the Congress of Westphalia, 1643-1648 (1999)



First Examination



Absolutism and the Empire

Wende, pp. 55-59

Coursepack, pp. 169-185

Optional: Rudolf Vierhaus, Germany in the Age of Absolutism (1988)



Austria, Bavaria, Saxony and Hanover

Wende, pp. 59-64

Coursepack, pp. 186-209

Optional: Charles W. Ingrao, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618-1815 (2000)



The Rise of Prussia

Wende, pp. 64-74

Coursepack, pp. 210-228

Optional: F.L. Carsten, The Origins of Prussia (1982)



Germany and the French Revolution

Wende, pp. 75-78

Coursepack, pp. 229-241

Optional: T.C.W. Blanning, The French Revolution in Germany: Occupation and Resistance in the Rhineland 1792-1802 (1983)

Tyler Ahlers



Napoleon and the Rise of German Nationalism

Wende, pp. 78-82

Coursepack, pp. 242-256

Optional: Matthew Levinger, Enlightened Nationalism: The Transformation of Prussian Political Culture, 1806-1848 (2002)

Elaine Skraba



The Congress of Vienna

Wende, pp. 82-86

Coursepack, pp. 257-268

Optional: David King, Vienna, 1814: How the Conquerors of Napoleon Made Love, War, and Peace at the Congress of Vienna (2009)



Germany in the Age of Restoration

Wende, pp. 86-90

Coursepack, pp.269-281

Optional: Theodore S.  Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871 (1958)



The 1848 Revolutions

Wende, pp. 90-97

Coursepack, pp. 282-294

Optional: Wolfram Siemann, The German Revolution of 1848-49 (1998)



The Unification of Germany

Wende, pp. 97-100

Coursepack, pp.295-312

Optional: Theodore S.  Hamerow, Restoration, Revolution, Reaction: Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871 (1958)



Economy and Society in 19th Century Germany

Wende, pp. 101-107

Coursepack, pp. 313-329

Optional: Tony Pierenkemper and Richard Tilly, The German Economy During the Nineteenth Century (2004)



Bismarckian Germany

Wende, pp. 108-111

Coursepack, pp. 330-349

Optional: Erich Eyck, Bismarck and the German Empire (1964)









Politics in the Kaiserreich

Wende, pp. 111-117

Coursepack, pp. 350-363

Optional: Volker R. Berghahn, Imperial Germany, 1871-1918: Economy, Society, Culture, And Politics (2005)



From Weltpolitik to War

Wende, pp. 117-121

Coursepack, pp. 364-379

Optional: Holger Herwig, The First World War: Germany and Austria-Hungary 1914-1918 (2009)



Second Examination



The Birth of the Weimar Republic

Wende, pp. 122-126

Coursepack, pp. 380-402

Optional: Eberhard  Kolb, The Weimar Republic (1988)



The Treaty of Versailles

Wende, pp. 126-129

Coursepack, pp. 402-415

Optional: David A. Andelman, A Shattered Peace: Versailles 1919 and the Price We Pay Today (2007)

Wade Kaido



Economy and Culture in the Weimar Republic

Wende, pp. 129-134

Coursepack, pp. 416-429

Optional: Theo Balderston, Economics and Politics in the Weimar Republic (2002)



The Fall of Weimar

Wende, pp. 134-138

Coursepack, pp. 430-441

Optional: Richard J. Evans, The Coming of the Third Reich (2005)



The Ideology of National Socialism

Wende, pp. 138-142

Coursepack, pp. 442-456

Optional: George L. Mosse, The Crisis of German Ideology : Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich (1999)



Hitler’s Seizure of Power

Wende, pp. 142-147

Coursepack, pp. 457-469

Optional: Henry Ashby Turner, Jr., Hitler's Thirty Days To Power: January 1933 (1997)

Levi Minor



Hitler’s Domestic Policy

Wende, pp. 147-150

Coursepack, pp. 470-485

Optional: David Schoenbaum, Hitler's Social Revolution: Class and Status in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939 (1997)

Gary Haglund



Hitler’s Foreign Policy

Wende, pp. 150-156

Coursepack, pp.486-505

Optional: Klaus Hildebrand, The Foreign Policy of the Third Reich (1973)

Anna Ingles



Genocide and Defeat

Wende, pp. 156-161

Coursepack, pp. 506-521

Optional: Saul Friedländer, Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1933-1945: Abridged Edition (2009)

Brennan Ney









Germany Under Occupation

Wende, pp. 162-166

Coursepack, pp. 522-537

Optional: Frederick Taylor, Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany (2011)



Politics in West Germany

Wende, pp. 166-170

Coursepack, pp. 538-550

Optional: Charles Williams, Konrad Adenauer: The Father of the New Germany (2001)



The West German Wirtschaftswunder

Wende, pp. 170-173

Coursepack, pp. 551-566

Optional: Alfred C. Mierzejewski, Ludwig Erhard: A Biography (2006)



East Germany

Wende, pp. 173-177

Coursepack, pp. 567-585

Optional: Mary Fulbrook, The People's State: East German Society from Hitler to Honecker (2008)



Toward Reunification

Wende, pp. 177-182

Coursepack, pp. 586-600

Optional: Konrad H. Jarausch, The Rush to German Unity (1994)



Final Examination, 4:00 – 6:00 pm